The Dental Hygiene of Your Child
The oral hygiene is as important, for any child, as the hygiene of any part of the body. The maintaining of an adequate condition of the mouth hygiene is the warranty for a healthy development of the temporary teeth and, most of all, for the permanent teeth and also for the avoidance of some gastric, affection or affection of the pharynx at children.
During the childhood the hygiene methods are similar, with small exceptions, to the ones of the adult. During the childhood it is very important to apply prophylactic methods, this period being decisive for the appearance of dental lesions, due to the fact that it is the period of formation and mineralization of the dental substances.
It is indicated that the tooth brushing shall be started at a very early age. Don't forget to monitor the tooth brushing of your child, twice a day, problem which is mostly neglected by many parents in their rush to leave the house in the morning or to send the children to bed. The tooth brushing together with the child is the best method to teach the child how to brush correctly.
Both for the temporary and for the permanent teeth there have been described several brushing techniques. The general instructions concerning the tooth brushing technique are the following: the brushing must cover all the dental surfaces, each new placing of the toothbrush must partially cover the anterior brushed area; the brushing begins in the areas, where the child does not perform a correct brushing. All these basic principles must be covered in a continuous and correct monitoring by the parents.
The toothbrush is the main instrument used for the maintenance of a adequate hygiene and implicitly for the prevention of the affections in the mouth, both in case of adults and children.
At the beginning the children consider the toothbrush a toy. It is good for the child to choose himself the toothbrush and toothpaste. The parents must assure themselves that the toothbrush is soft or medium one and enough small for the mouth of the child.
The toothbrushes can be classis, consisting out of handle and active part. In case of children the handle is shorter and the active part small enough for the mouth of the child. The brushes are frequently synthetic out of nylon and the consistence has to be soft or medium. The most producers are associating the active part of a toothbrush with several forms of the handle, imitating heroes well known by children from books and cartoons and are, therefore, more attractive.
The classic toothbrush has been described for the first time in 1728 and since then several modifications have been performed. A modern variant is the electric toothbrush, known also under the name of automat or mechanic toothbrush. The electric toothbrushes can have rotating movements, in one direction or in both directions, or oscillating movements. In case of children the importance of these movements is reduced.
Comparisons, through studies, have been made between the electric and the manual toothbrush in order to establish the capacity of each to remove the bacterial plaques and the prevention of the calculus. The conclusion was that both types of toothbrushes are efficient, if these are correctly used. In case of children the learning of a correct brushing technique with the classic toothbrush is more difficult; therefore it is more useful for the children to use the electric toothbrush.
For children the toothpaste must content, from medical point of view, fluorine, bat also important is the taste and the pleasant aspect of the recipient, which are most of the time indispensable.
It is indicated to be used by children, this cleaning the surfaces between the teeth and hindering the accumulation of food rests. It is recommended to be used each day, in the evening before bedtime, after the brushing.
The child must be helped by the parent at the using of the dental floss, by performing rotating movements with the dental floss in the space between the teeth. Most of the times the dental floss is covered with antiseptic solutions, thus being more efficient.
Another method for the hygiene of the mouth is the use of chewing gum. The use of the chewing gum stimulates the salivation and amplifies therefore the action of washing the saliva. There are chewing gums for children which are neutralizing the pH specific for the saliva appeared after meals.
The oral hygiene of the child is very important for the subsequent development, therefore it is important to introduce these methods as early as possible. The personalization of the hygiene methods is performed by the dentist at the eruption of the first teeth. The efficiency of the brushing is checked also in the dental office. This method is necessary in order to correct the hygiene techniques. The parents have to monitor and to correct the tooth brushing.