The Implantology represents the modern method of replacing the missing teeth,
by sustaining the prosthetic crown through the dental implant. The comfort of the patient
by using the dental implant reaches almost the comfort given by the natural tooth. The
complex crown-implant re-establishes both the initial aspect of the tooth and the dental
root. By re-establishing the endosteal part, the complex crown-implant reaches a maximum
functionality, the transmission of the mastication forces being done directly in the
interior of the bone.
The insertion of a dental implant becomes the election treatment in case of loosing of one natural tooth or several natural teeth. The placing is already a usual handwork offering the patient the possibility of a fix dental prosthesis, with increased dental functionality and higher comfort for the patient. The development in the last decades of the treatment through dental implant placed the implantology in a therapeutic group with a very low risk. As a conclusion, the therapy by dental implant becomes a very sure treatment for a long period of time.
The insertion of the dental implant is done by surgery. Depending on the established treatment plan one or more dental implants can be placed during one surgery. When establishing the necessity of several dental implants in the same edentulous (without teeth) area it is recommended to place all the dental implants during the same surgery. Also, in the situation in which the edentulousnesses are not in the same neighborhood, the insertion of the dental implants are planned in one ore more surgeries.
In spite of the title of surgery, the insertion of a dental implant is a minimum invasive handwork, with low risks, executed with local anesthesia. It is a painless procedure during which the patient can benefit of the comfort during any other handwork.
In case of patients for which the stress of such kind of treatment provokes a certain degree of anxiety, our clinic offers an intravenous sedation assisted by an anesthetist and the patient must not give up the treatment, with several benefits, due to fear, leading, thus, to an extended approach of the therapy through dental implant. The intravenous sedation is an adjuvant handwork of the surgery for insertion of the dental implants. This handwork is performed in the dental office by an anesthetist, who monitors the patient during the entire surgery. The method of intravenous sedation is indicated both for extended surgeries and for the placing of one single dental implant, in anxiety (fear) situation of the patient.
After the insertion of the dental implant the stage of osseous integration is following, stage in which the dental implant is integrated, fixed at the level of the alveolar bone. This stage can run for a time between 3 and 6 month. There are situations in which this stage can be shortened up to 2 weeks. During this stage the presence of the patient at the dental office is not necessary.
After finishing this 'therapeutic pause' stage the prosthetics follows, stage in which the dental work is processed. The prosthetics stage can run for a time of two, three or several sittings. After finishing the prosthetic work, no matter the complexity, a checking of the structure of the implant has to be performed after 6 month.